Volatile organic compounds and odour from bunkering operations at sea
Ricardo assessed the potential for local health impacts from volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and odour emissions from shipping activities, and investigated the nuisance potential of fuel bunkering activities in the Port of Gibraltar. The study:
Involved a detailed investigation of vapour emissions from fuel bunkering at different refineries, which identified concentrations of potentially harmful VOCs arising from operations.
Identified the characteristics of the bunker fuel responsible for the greatest air emissions.
Revealed that the odour released during bunkering operations would be detected in Gibraltar Town.
Made recommendations for suitable operational procedures necessary to minimise impacts from bunkering.