Tim is a focal point in Ricardo for maritime projects. His deep sector knowledge in the sector has been drawn from alternative fuels, inventory and policy studies for public sector clients such as the European Commission and the British Government and agencies, as well as private sector clients of ports, environmental NGOs and shipping industry bodies. He has a technical understanding of a range of alternative fuels and their production pathways, energy efficiency / emission abatement techniques, as well as the policies affecting the sector. On alternative fuels, he was a co-lead author for the seminal paper “Sailing on Solar”, as well as a project lead for several other studies assessing production pathways and well to wake emissions of current future maritime fuels, including biofuels (HVO, FAME), hydrogen-based electrofuels (hydrogen, ammonia, methanol), and synthetic fuels such as e-methane.
Tim has a detailed appreciation of the generation of ship and port emission inventories: at Ricardo he managed the overhaul of the UK ship emission inventory for the British Government at a finer spatial and temporal granularity using minute-by-minute AIS data. Tim has used extracts from this national AIS based shipping inventory supplemented with port level information to build comprehensive port emission inventories. Tim has carried out UK and EU impact assessments on environmental maritime policy, and developed marginal abatement cost curves of ship emission mitigation options.