Richard has worked in the environmental sector for more than 30 years. He is an expert on ecosystem-based issues, particularly with regard to: climate change mitigation, vulnerabilities, impacts, and adaptation; programme, policy and technical monitoring and evaluation (M&E); and systematic rapid evidence assessment. He has steered and provided expert input to high-level projects in relation to more than 20 countries. Many of his projects over the last 20 years are directly relevant to the national adaptation plan (NAP) process, including assessing vulnerabilities, prioritising adaptation options, developing indicators and M&E. For example, he led formulation of Palestine’s NAP, co-authored CDKN’s Quick Start Guide on planning for implementation of nationally determined contributions (NDC), and led development of GIZ’s guidance on The role of the NAP process in translating NDC adaptation goals into action. Richard is an international journal referee and an expert reviewer for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Publications that he has co-authored are cited in IPCC’s Third, Fourth and Fifth Assessment Reports.