Nationally determined contributions

Nationally determined contributions

Supporting the implementation of low carbon, climate resilient development actions

The global climate change agreement adopted in Paris in December 2015 was historic and ground-breaking. Ricardo supported policymakers from over 15 countries to put forward fair and ambitious Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) for Paris that reflected each country’s development goals, and is now supporting countries to implement their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). This includes the development of national NDC implementation roadmaps, sector action plans, implementation tools and procedures, and capturing the synergies between NDCs and National Adaptation Plans (NAPs). 

Ricardo's  Quick-start guide to NDC implementation, developed in conjunction with  Climate Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), sets out NDC implementation in five interlinked modules - mitigation, adaptation, climate finance, measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) and governance. Countries are using the Quick-Start Guide as a gap analysis tool, to identify activities to be in included in countries’ NDC implementation plans, to scope out terms of reference for technical assistance requests, and to identify capacity building and resource needs for NDC implementation. Ricardo has a long track record of supporting governments around the world in all these areas of NDC implementation.

Our NDC team includes internationally-recognised climate policy and sectoral experts who can advise on specific technical solutions and are well-placed to support governments on the NDC implementation journey.

Our NDC implementation expertise includes the following:


  • Analysis of mitigation potential and costs
  • Development of sectoral action plans
  • NAMA screening and development


  • Comprehensive vulnerability assessments
  • Development of National Adaptation Plans


  • Review and costing of support requirements
  • Development of climate investment plans

Measurement, reporting and verification (MRV)

  • Development of national GHG inventory and MRV systems
  • Monitoring and evaluation of mitigation and adaptation policies
  • Tracking climate finance


  • Development of NDC implementation roadmaps 
  • Multi-stakeholder engagement and capacity building
  • Mainstreaming climate change into development planning

Relevant resources

NDC implementation capability statement

NDC implementation capability statement

This document provides an overview of the services and expertise that Ricardo can... Download
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Planning for NDC implementation - a quick start guide

Planning for NDC implementation - a quick start guide

The quick-start guide is design to support developing countries in implementing... Download
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Implementing the Paris Agreement

Implementing the Paris Agreement

This White Paper describes the five essential pillars of implementation which... Download
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